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iris nom latin

  • décembre 1, 2020

Xiphium, Belamcanda A truly red bearded iris, like a truly blue rose, remains an unattained goal despite frequent hybridizing and selection. Nunc. This page was last edited on 15 November 2020, at 21:10. 2012. et Amisum ad Occ. It is thought in China, that Iris anguifuga has the ability to keep snakes from entering the garden. A reclassification of Iris species bearing arillate seeds. In the centre of the blade, some of the rhizomatous irises have a "beard" (a tuft of short upright extensions growing in its midline),[7] which are the plant's filaments.[8]. In this time, the fats and oils inside the roots undergo degradation and oxidation, which produces many fragrant compounds that are valuable in perfumery. Iris grow well in most any garden soil types providing they are well-drained. The provincial flower of Québec (Canada) is the harlequin blueflag (I. versicolor), called iris versicolore in French. are derived from crosses between tall and dwarf species like Iris pumila. 25. utrinque mill. Le nom de genre Iris dérive du nom d'une plante en latin et en grec. Nepalensis Some authors state that the name refers to the wide variety of flower colors found among the many species. Membrană circulară, colorată a ochiului, situată înaintea cristalinului, în mijlocul căreia se găseşte pupila. iris — 1. 1. [27] The cushion irises are somewhat fastidious growers, and to be successful with them they must be planted rather shallow in very gritty well-drained soil. Garden iris are classed as either bulb iris or rhizome iris (called rhizomatous) with a number of further subdivisions. The often-segregated, monotypic genera Belamcanda (blackberry lily, I. domestica), Hermodactylus (snake's head iris, I. tuberosa), and Pardanthopsis (vesper iris, I. dichotoma) are currently included in Iris. Órgano muscular, contráctil y pigmentado que se halla situado por delante del cristalino y detrás de la córnea. However, getting this color into a modern bearded iris breed has proven very difficult, and thus, the vast majority of irises are in the purple and blue range of the color spectrum, with yellow, pink, orange and white breeds also available. A stylized yellow iris is the symbol of Brussels, since historically the important Saint Gaugericus Island was carpeted in them. Nearly all species are found in temperate Northern hemisphere zones, from Europe to Asia and across North America. It also conveys images of lost love and silent grief, for young girls were led into the afterlife by Iris. [44][45][46], An iris — species unspecified — is one of the state flowers of Tennessee. Pardanthopsis Systematic Treatment of the Genus Iris by Baker. It is generally accepted that the species Iris versicolor, the Purple Iris is the state flower[47] alongside the wild-growing purple passionflower (Passiflora incarnata), the state's other floral emblem. Iris: Irides: Abl. Ubi unus modo funalis duobus iugalibus socitatur, qui est σειραῖος ἵππος in triga apud Dionys. The Iris is one of the flowers listed as birth flower for February. Fig. They are generally earliest to bloom. The rhizomatous species usually have 3–10 basal sword-shaped leaves growing in dense clumps. (i ris ) s. f. 1°   Nom d une divinité de la mythologie grecque, qui était la messagère des dieux, et qui, déployant son écharpe, produisait l arc en ciel. supra Sebastiam, dein prope Comanam Ponticam Varum fluv. Iris: Irides: Gen. Iridis: Iridum: Dat. The yellow fleur-de-lis reflects the yellow iris (I. pseudacorus), common in Western Europe. It is a popular garden flower. All Rights Reserved. min. (i ris ) s. f. 1° Nom d une divinité de la mythologie grecque, qui était la messagère des dieux, et qui, déployant son écharpe, produisait l arc en ciel. Irid i: Acc. Juno The dried rhizomes are also given whole to babies to help in teething. aliisqueve in Pontum Euxinum se exonerat, inter Themiscyram ad Ort. These grow on a pedicel or peduncle. [50], The artist George Gessert has specialised in breeding irises. Often called 'junos', this type of iris is one of the more popular bulb irises in cultivation. Actúa como un diafragma regulando la cantidad de luz que incide sobre la retina mediante un orificio central (pupila) de… …   Diccionario médico, IRIS — can refer to: In technology * IRIS T, a German air to air missile * International Reactor Innovative and Secure, an advanced light water nuclear reactor design * Internal Rotary Inspection System, an ultrasonic method for the nondestructive… …   Wikipedia, iris — IRIS. [34][35], In 1998, Iris lacustris, the Dwarf Lake Iris was designated the state wildflower of Michigan,[36][37] where the vast majority of populations exist. In Europe, the most commonly found garden iris is a hybrid iris (falsely called German iris, I. germanica which is sterile) and its numerous cultivars. Irid e: Voc. These reticulate-bulbed irises are miniatures and popular spring bulbs, being one of the first to bloom in the garden. Xiphion. The roots then improve water quality by consuming nutrient pollutants, such as from agricultural runoff. fluv. Iride: Iridibus Iris rhizomes can be toxic. The following is a selection of bearded irises that have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit: This section contains the cushion irises or royal irises, a group of plants noted for their large, strongly marked flowers. The fleur-de-lis, a stylized iris, first occurs in its modern use as the emblem of the House of Capet. They are called "standards". In the autumn, the iris re-appears and can stop the snakes again. An ancient belief is that the iris serves as a warning to be heeded, as it was named for the messenger of Olympus. × lurida. British Iris Society, London 1987. Rancho Santa Ana 2004, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Iris_(plant)&oldid=988887648, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Articles with dead external links from January 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The scent is said to be similar to violets. Various wild forms (including Iris aphylla)[13] and naturally occurring hybrids of the Sweet iris (I. pallida) and the Hungarian iris (I. variegata) form the basis of almost all modern hybrid bearded irises. [53], French King Clovis I (466–511), when he converted to Christianity, changed his symbol on his banner from three toads to irises (the Virgin's flower).[54]. I. unguicularis is a late-winter-flowering species from Algeria, with sky-blue flowers blotched with yellow, produced from Winter to Spring. Dykes, W. R. (1913): The Genus Iris. Three Iris varieties are used in the Iris flower data set outlined by Ronald Fisher in his 1936 paper The use of multiple measurements in taxonomic problems as an example of linear discriminant analysis.[4]. The inflorescences are in the shape of a fan and contain one or more symmetrical six-lobed flowers. Yet another beardless rhizomatous iris popular in gardening is I. ruthenica, which has much the same requirements and characteristics as the tall bearded irises. The red fleur-de-lis in the coat-of-arms and flag of Florence, Italy, descends from the white iris which is native to Florence and which grew even in its city walls. Due to a wide variety of geographic origins, and thus great genetic diversity, cultivation needs of iris vary greatly. Λεῖπον Α῞λυν ποταμὸν, λεῖπον δ᾿ ἀνχὶῤῥοον Ι῎ριν. The iris fruit is a capsule which opens up in three parts to reveal the numerous seeds within. Armeniae min. Oritur in Cappadocia, et in conf. Est autem revera arcus caelestis, pluviae plerumque praenuncia. The three, sometimes reduced, petals stand upright, partly behind the sepal bases. Hermodactylus Harris, Gwenda. Irises are perennial plants, growing from creeping rhizomes (rhizomatous irises) or, in drier climates, from bulbs (bulbous irises). [11] The national collection of Arthur Bliss Irises is held by Anne Milner in Gloucestershire.[12]. Presby Memorial Iris Gardens in New Jersey, for example, is a living iris museum with over 10,000 plants, while in Europe the most famous iris garden is arguably the Giardino dell'Iris in Florence (Italy) which every year hosts a well attended iris breeders' competition. The artist Philip Hermogenes Calderon painted an iris in his 1856 work Broken Vows; he followed the principles of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. and Abl.Abs.! [51], The artist Vincent van Gogh painted several famous pictures of irises.[52]. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this. For garden cultivation, iris classification differs from taxonomic classification. This highly aggressive grower is now considered a noxious weed and banned in some states of the US where it is found clogging natural waterways. Analysing your text word-by-word and detecting ACI, NCI, P.C. Morphological divergence between populations usually follows a cline reflecting local adaptation to environment conditions; furthermore, this largely overlaps divergence between species, making it difficult to identify discrete species boundaries in these irises. Median forms of bearded iris (intermediate bearded, or IB; miniature tall bearded, or MTB; etc.) [55] The iris symbol is now the sole feature on the flag of the Brussels-Capital Region. Thus, an insect bearing pollen from one flower will, in entering a second, deposit the pollen on the stigma; in backing out of a flower, the pollen which it bears will not be rubbed off on the stigma of the same flower.[9]. Species concepts and ecogeographical divergence of, Abdel Samad, N.; Bou Dagher-Kharrat, M.; Hidalgo, O.; El Zein, R.; Douaihy, B.; Siljak-Yakovlev, S. Unlocking the karyological and cytogenetic diversity of, Chancery of the Prime Minister, Kingdom of Belgium [2007], "The use of multiple measurements in taxonomic problems", Latin for Gardeners: Over 3,000 Plant Names Explained and Explored, "The Beauty and Function of the Iris Flower", The Aromatherapy Garden: Growing Fragrant Plants for Happiness and Well-Being, "Birth Month Flower of February - The Iris", The Complete Guide to National Symbols and Emblems (2 Volumes), All the Trees of the Forest: Israel's Woodlands from the Bible to the Present, A Guide to Species Irises: Their Identification and Cultivation, "Ethnobotanical And Taxonomic Study Of Members of Iridaceae Family of Kishtwar, (Jammu And Kashmir) India", The Classical Museum: A Journal of Philology, and of Ancient History and literature, Volume 5 (1848), CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants: Common Names, Scientific names, Synonyms and Etymology (2012, American Iris Society. equa iugalis, in Admeti curru, apud Stat. Subsequent authors such as Lawrence (1953) and Rodionenko (1987) have generally called them subgenera, while essentially retaining Dykes' groupings, using six subgenera further divided into twelve sections. Iris is a genus of 260–300[1][2] species of flowering plants with showy flowers. More information, Copyright © Peter Waldert 2016-2020. Iridodictyum l iris se forme dans la nuë par l opposition du Soleil. Broken Vows was accompanied with poetry by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow when it was first exhibited. Asiae. This section, closely allied to the cushion irises, includes several garden hybrids with species in section Oncocyclus, known as Regelio-cyclus irises. Diafragmă cu diametru variabil, folosită la instrumentele optice pentru a regla …   Dicționar Român, iris — m. anat. Iris rhizomes also contain notable amounts of terpenes, and organic acids such as ascorbic acid, myristic acid, tridecylenic acid and undecylenic acid. Bearded iris are easy to cultivate and propagate and have become very popular in gardens. [10] Modern classifications, starting with Dykes (1913), have subdivided them. A common name for some species is 'flags', while the plants of the subgenus Scorpiris are widely known as 'junos', particularly in horticulture. et Veterum παρήορος. Contemporary uses can be seen in the Quebec flag and the logo of the New Orleans Saints professional football team and on the flag of Saint Louis, Missouri. Like some older sources, Rodionenko moved some of the bulbous subgenera (Xiphium, Scorpiris and Hermodactyloides) into separate genera (Xiphion, Juno and Iridodictyum respectively), but this has not been accepted by later writers such as Mathew (1989), although the latter kept Hermodactylus as a distinct genus, to include Hermodactylus tuberosus, now returned to Hermodactyloides as Iris tuberosa. Īris feminine noun ... Nom. The iris is promoted in the United Kingdom by the British Iris Society. The fleur-de-lis has been associated with France since Louis VII adopted it as a symbol in the 12th century. Gin brands such as Bombay Sapphire and Magellan Gin use orris root and sometimes iris flowers for flavor and color.[28][29]. The aged rhizomes are steam-distilled which produces a thick oily compound, known in the perfume industry as "iris butter" or orris oil. Between 30 and 60 species are classified in this section, depending on the authority. L Iris se plaist dans les lieux marescageux.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française, We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. There are species and selections, most notably based on the beardless rhizomatous Copper iris (I. fulva), which have a relatively pure red color. Iris: Gen. Irid is, Iris: Dat. By using this site, you consent to the use of cookies. In some species, the seeds bear an aril. The American artist Joseph Mason – a friend of John James Audubon – painted a precise image of what was then known as the Louisiana flag or copper iris (Iris fulva), to which Audubon subsequently added two Northern paraula birds (Parula americana) for inclusion as Plate 15 in his Birds of America. The Iris. ×Pardancanda Today Iris essential oil (absolute) from flowers are sometimes used in aromatherapy as sedative medicines. Give a chance to the only Vocabulary Trainer asking for Latin principal parts! Irises should only be used medicinally under professional guidance. [25][26] Compared with other irises the cushion varieties are scantily furnished with narrow sickle-shaped leaves and the flowers are usually borne singly on the stalks; they are often very dark and in some almost blackish. For orris root production, iris rhizomes are harvested, dried, and aged for up to 5 years. Iris is extensively grown as ornamental plant in home and botanical gardens. Find more Latin words with our Advanced Search functionality. Latin - English, English - Latin, 3. This white iris displayed against a red background was the symbol of Florence until the Medici family reversed the colors to signal a change in political power, setting in motion a centuries-long and still on-going breeding program to hybridize a red iris. Many of the smaller species of bulbous iris, being liable to perish from excess of moisture, should have a well-drained bed of good but porous soil made up for them, in some sunny spot, and in winter should be protected by a covering of half-decayed leaves or fresh coco-fiber. This website uses cookies to ensure a pleasant user experience. A small selection is usually held by garden centres at appropriate times during the season, but there are thousands of cultivars available from specialist suppliers (more than 30 000 cultivars only for the tall bearded irises !). Reticulate irises with their characteristic bulbs, including the yellow I. danfordiae, and the various blue-purple I. histrioides and I. reticulata, flower as early as February and March. The shape of the flower and the position of the pollen-receiving and stigmatic surfaces on the outer petals form a landing-stage for a flying insect, which in probing for nectar, will first come into contact with the perianth, then with the stigmatic stamens in one whorled surface which is borne on an ovary formed of three carpels. The bulbous species have cylindrical, basal leaves. They are best planted in September or October in warm sunny positions, the rhizomes being lifted the following July after the leaves have withered. A Reclassification of the Genus, Rodionenko, G. I.: The Genus Iris L. (Questions of Morphology, Biology, Evolution and Systematics). En grec, iris ιρις désignait des espèces d'iris ( Iris florentina à fleurs blanches ou I. germanica et I. pallida , à fleurs bleu-violacé) cf Pline 21, 40 ou d'autres espèces indéterminées [ 3 ] . Latin Dictionary: the best Latin dictionary with a conjugator and a Latin declension tool available online for free! I. s.n. Of these, section Limneris (subgenus Limneris) was further divided into sixteen series. It grows all winter, keeping snakes out, but then goes dormant in the spring, allowing the snakes back into the garden. CLASSIFICATION OF IRISES. The three sepals, which are usually spreading or droop downwards, are referred to as "falls". They are united at their base into a floral tube that lies above the ovary (known as an epigynous or inferior ovary). Vocabulary Groups: Not part of any Vocabulary Group. Declension Consonant Stems / Gender: feminine, Find more Latin text passages in the Latin is Simple Library. Nom. •   Je tiens à bon augure, de ce que MLLE***, qui m avait abandonné ces jours… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré, IRIS-T — Allgemeine Angaben Typ: Luft Luft Rakete …   Deutsch Wikipedia, IRIS-T — Maquette à ’échelle 1 de l’IRIS T (2005) Présentation Fonction Missile air air Constructeur Diehl BGT Defence Coût à l unité …   Wikipédia en Français, IRIS-T — Infra Red Imaging System Tail/Thrust Vector Controlled …   Википедия, iris — ÍRIS, (I) irisuri, s.n., (II) irişi, s.m. It takes its name from the Greek word for a rainbow, which is also the name for the Greek goddess of the rainbow, Iris. Iris [56][57], In the Homeric Hymn to Demeter, the goddess Persephone and her companion nymphs (the Oceanids along with Artemis and Athena) were gathering flowers such as rose, crocus, violet, iris (also called 'agallis' or ἀγαλλίς (in Greek script),[58] lily, larkspur,[59] and hyacinth[60] in a springtime meadow before she was abducted by the god Hades. [33] Iris bismarckiana, the Nazareth Iris, is the symbol of the city of Upper Nazareth. New Zealand Iris Society 2011, Brian Mathew. Iris is a genus of 260–300 species of flowering plants with showy flowers. Il sign. They are best planted as bare root plants in late summer, in a sunny open position with the rhizome visible on the surface of the soil and facing the sun. Bearded iris cultivar, similar to the classic/historical cultivar 'Alcazar', Chestnut iris cultivars like 'Samurai Warrior' are the closest that breeders have been able to attain to a red bearded iris, Iris atropurpurea, a dark flowered, bearded Oncocyclus iris, Iris 'Katharine Hodginkin', a bulbous cultivar being a hybrid of I. winogradowii and I. histrioides 'Major', Iris pseudacorus in Cheshire, England, United Kingdom, Iris 'Sharpshooter' in the Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid, Spain, Iris germanica, an old and vigorous cultivar that requires minimal culture, Iris 'Mrs. "-" is the shortcut for "this form does not exist". Although diverse in ecology, Iris is predominantly found in dry, semi-desert, or colder rocky mountainous areas. iris — [ iris ] n. m. • XIIIe; lat. Irida: Abl. Chancery of the Prime Minister, Kingdom of Belgium [2007]: Species Group of the British Iris Society (1996): A Guide to Species Irises: Their Identification and Cultivation; Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. It takes its name from the Greek word for a rainbow, which is also the name for the Greek goddess of the rainbow, Iris. [31], The Iris croatica is the unofficial National Flower of Croatia . The fleur-de-lis is the almost-universal symbol of Scouting and one of the symbols adopted by the sorority Kappa Kappa Gamma. Taylor, J.J. 1976. Andris', a vigorous, historic, tall bearded iris cultivar that Fryer hybridized in 1919, Rhizomes of the German Iris (I. germanica) and Sweet Iris (I. pallida) are traded as orris root and are used in perfume and medicine, though more common in ancient times than today. The earliest to bloom are species like I. junonia and I. reichenbachii, which flower as early as February and March in the Northern Hemisphere, followed by the dwarf forms of I. pumila, and then by most of the tall bearded varieties, such as the German iris and its variety florentina, sweet iris, Hungarian iris, lemon-yellow iris (I. flavescens), Iris sambucina, I. amoena, and their natural and horticultural hybrids such as those described under names like I. neglecta or I. squalens and best united under I. Greeneville, Tennessee, is home to the annual Iris Festival celebrating the iris, local customs, and culture. Hinc iuxta Amasiam labitur, et auctus Lyco fluv. unde poetis ὑετόμαντις cicitur, ut ait Olympiod. iris, iridos I ♦ Plante (iridacées), à rhizome ou à bulbe et à haute tige portant de grandes fleurs ornementales. 89: 411-420. This group includes irises generally of European descent, and are also classified as Dutch, English, or Spanish iris. [40], In Iran and Kashmir,[41] Iris kashmiriana and Iris germanica[42] are most commonly grown on Muslim[43] grave yards. Bearded iris are classified as dwarf, tall, or aril. Scorpiris [48] The species Iris versicolor is also the provincial flower of Quebec, having replaced the Madonna lily which is not native to the province. They should not be disturbed in the autumn, and after the leaves have withered the roots should be protected from heavy rains until growth starts again naturally. Some smaller iris species have all six lobes pointing straight outwards, but generally limb and standards differ markedly in appearance. [49] and it is the official flower of Kappa Pi International Honorary Art Fraternity. [10] Other habitats include grassy slopes, meadowlands, bogs and riverbanks. Phylogeny of the genus Iris based on DNA sequence data. They expand from their narrow base (the "claw" or "haft"[5]), into a broader expanded portion ("limb" or "blade"[6]) and can be adorned with veining, lines or dots. [59], It has been suggested that the 'agallis' mentioned was a dwarf iris, as described by leaf and root shape,[61]) and identified as Iris attica. Limniris recipit, uti et Ceraunum. iris, iridis, gr. s. f. Meteore qu on appelle vulgairement l Arc en ciel. Latin Dictionary Declensions / Conjugations latin Search within inflected forms. Search for Latin forms, English & German translations and vocabulary groups. The roots are usually planted in a substrate (e.g. They should be divided in summer every two or three years, when the clumps become congested. [32] Iris nigricans, the Black Iris is the national flower of Jordan. Certe trigarum in curuli certamine mentionem quoque habet vet. Iridem: Irides: Voc. The styles divide towards the apex into petaloid branches; this is significant in pollination. Junopsis ), Wilson, Carol. Beardless rhizomatous iris types commonly found in the European garden are the Siberian iris (I. sibirica) and its hybrids, and the Japanese Iris (I. ensata) and its hybrids. Taylor (1976) provides arguments for not including all arilate species in Hexapogon.[10]. The iris flower is of interest as an example of the relation between flowering plants and pollinating insects. L irone, principe… …   Encyclopédie Universelle, Iris — typically refers to:* Iris (mythology), in Greek mythology, a messenger god and the personification of rainbows * Iris (color), an ambiguous color ranging from blue violet to violet, from the flower of the same nameIris may also refer to:In… …   Wikipedia, iris — 1.

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